Updated School Safety Requirements

On July 1, 2014, new school safety requirements took effect in Michigan (MCL 29.19). The revised requirements include a cardiac emergency response plan for each school, more safety drills and public reporting on the drills.

Cardiac Emergency Response 

A school board that operates schools with K-12 grades must adopt and implement a cardiac emergency response plan for each school. The plan must include:

  • Use and regular maintenance of automated external defibrillators if available.
  • Activation of a cardiac emergency response team during an identified cardiac emergency.
  • A plan for effective and efficient communication throughout the school campus.
  • If the school includes grades 9 to 12, a training plan for the use of an AED and in cardiopulmonary resuscitation techniques.
  • Incorporation and integration of the local emergency response system and emergency response agencies with the school's plan.
  • An annual review and evaluation of the cardiac emergency response plan.

Resources for developing a cardiac emergency response plan can be found here.


Every school building that operates any grades from kindergarten through 12th grade must:

  • Conduct at least 5 fire drills each year. Schools must hold 3 of the drills before Dec. 1 of the school year, and the 2 other drills must be done during the remainder of the year with reasonable time between each drill.
  • Hold at least 2 tornado drills each year, and at least one of those drills must be done in March.
  • Practice at least 3 lockdown drills. At least one of these drills must be conducted by Dec. 1 and at least one must be conducted after Jan. 1. The drills must be conducted with reasonable spacing between each. School boards must seek input from local public safety officials about the nature of these drills. 
  • At least one of any of these three types of drills must occur during either lunch, recess or some other time when a significant number of students are not in their classrooms.
  • No drills may be scheduled at a time that would interfere with state-mandated testing.

Public Reporting for Drills

The school board must ensure that there is documentation of each drill on the school’s website within 30 days of the drill, and the documentation must be maintained on the website for at least 3 years. 

Documentation must include the: 

  • name of the school; 
  • school year of the drill;
  • date and time of the drill; 
  • type of drill;
  • number of each type of drill completed by each school;
  • signature of the school principal or designee acknowledging the completion of each drill; and
  • name of the person in charge of conducting each drill (if not the school principal).

Emergency Management Notification

By Sept. 15 of each year, school officials must notify the county emergency management coordinator of all of the scheduled drill days that the school has planned. If a scheduled drill must be called off, for example, if it is not possible to conduct due to conditions beyond the school’s control, but the drill must be rescheduled to occur within 10 days of the original drill. The county emergency management coordinator must be notified of the rescheduled date.